myQBook Grammar Concept



Compound Sentence

Compound sentences are made up of two or more independent clauses joined together; they are basically two simple sentences put together. Compound sentences are important to writing because they provide both variety in writing and helpful relationships between the two ideas summed up into one sentence.

The independent clauses in a compound sentence are almost always separated from each other in some way. Consider the following examples:

1.       Many people claim to have seen aliens, but scientists have no solid evidence to prove aliens’ existence yet.

2.       Karen didn’t think Andrew was brave enough to skydive; therefore, she was surprised when he jumped out of the plane with no fear at all.

3.       The pile of papers on my desk is too overwhelming; I’m taking a break and going for a walk!

In the first example, two independent clauses are separated by a comma and a conjunction. They are related because they both provide a point of view on the same subject. The two clauses are contrasted by the use of the coordinating conjunction “but”.

In the second example, the two independent clauses are joined by a semicolon, a conjunctive adverb, and a comma. These two clauses are related because they both describe the same person’s (Karen’s) feelings about the subject (Andrew’s skydiving). The two clauses are contrasted by the use of the conjunctive adverb “therefore”.

In the third example, the two independent clauses are joined by just a semicolon. The two clauses are related because they both describe the writer’s actions and feelings in the same scene. The two clauses are connected by the use of a semicolon.

Finally, remember that the independent clauses in a compound sentence should always have some relationship to each other. It is not sensible to join random sentences together just to create a compound sentence.

 





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Simple Sentence
Complex Sentence

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