myQBook English Grammar Concepts

Parts of Speech

Every word in the English language has a specific job. For example, look at the following sentence.

Emma is playing with a doll.

Every word in the above sentence has a specific job. The first word, "Emma", tells us the name of the person whom we are talking about. The next word, "is", links "Emma" to the rest of the sentence. The next word, "playing", tells us what Emma is doing. And so on.

There are 8 categories of jobs for words in the English language, and they are called the parts of speech. Here is a brief summary of the eight parts of speech; in the following sections, we will explain each of these in more detail.

Parts of Speech



The name of a person, place, thing, quality or idea.


A word used in place of a noun.


A word that specifies an action or state of being.


A word that joins other words, phrases or clauses.


A word that describes a noun.


A word that describes a verb, an adjective or another adverb.


A word that describes a specific relationship between nouns (or pronouns) and the rest of the sentence.


A word that adds emphasis or emotion to the sentence.

A word is not always tied to one job. In other words, the same word can play two different roles in two different sentences. For example, consider the following two sentences.

Every day, James and Jake swim in the community swimming pool.

My swim yesterday was quite fun.

In the first sentence, the word “swim” acts as a verb, while in the second sentence, it acts as a noun.


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