Number Concepts
Example: Count and choose the right number.
1) 15 2) 16 3) 17 4) 18
Answer: 17

Example: Which of the following option shows the number 21 in words?
1) Two one 2) Twelve 3) Twenty 4) Twenty one
Answer: Twenty one

Example: 16 comes _______________ 14.
1) before 2) after 3) between
Answer: after

Example: Which option makes this statement true? 26 _______________ 29
1) is greater than 2) is less than 3) is equal to
Answer: is less than

Example: Arrange the numbers in increasing order: 23, 44, 16, 37
1) 44, 37, 23, 16 2) 16, 23, 37, 44 3) 16, 37, 23, 44 4) 16, 23, 44, 37
Answer: 16, 23, 37, 44

Example: Nicole and her friends were waiting in a line to get books from the school library. 13 girls were in front of Nicole. What was her position in the line?
1) Twelfth 2) Thirteenth 3) Fourteenth 4) Fifteenth
Answer: Fourteenth

Example: 8, ___, 12, 14, ___
1) 9, 16 2) 9, 18 3) 10, 16 4) 10, 18
Answer: 10, 16

Example: Follow the pattern and fill in the missing number  12, 15, 18, ___
1) 19 2) 21 3) 22 4) 24
Answer: 21


Addition
Example:
1) 5 2) 6 3) 7 4) 8
Answer: 7

Example: Start at 8. Count on 5.
1) 12 2) 13 3) 14 4) 15
Answer: 13

Example: What is the sum of 7 and 15?
1) 19 2) 20 3) 21 4) 22
Answer: 22

Example: Joseph went on an African safari during his vacation in Africa. He took 5 photographs of a rhino and 14 photographs of other animals. How many photographs of animals did Joseph take in all?
1) 19 2) 20 3) 21 4) 22
Answer: 19

Example: Add 13 and 12.
1) 1 2) 24 3) 25 4) 26
Answer: 25

Example: Sophia worked at a snack bar during a volleyball game. At halftime, she sold 15 orange candy bars and during the second half she sold 13 more orange candy bars. How many orange candy bars did she sell in all during the volleyball match?
1) 27 2) 28 3) 29 4) 38
Answer: 28

Example: Add: 15 + 5 + 9.
1) 25 2) 27 3) 28 4) 29
Answer: 29

Example: Jason has been selling candies to raise funds for a charity. He sold 7 bags of candies on Monday and 10 bags of candies on Tuesday. If he sold 5 more bags of candies on Wednesday than he did on Monday, how many total bags of candies did Jason sell in those three days?
1) 22 2) 27 3) 29 4) 31
Answer: 29

Example: Which is a way to make the number 10?
1) 5 + 6 2) 4 + 5 3) 6 + 4 4) 7 + 5
Answer: 6 + 4

Example: 15 + _____ = 25
1) 5 2) 10 3) 11 4) 12
Answer: 10

Example: 8 + 8 = 10 + ___
1) 6 2) 7 3) 8 4) 9
Answer: 6

Example: Katherine competed on a quiz show. She scored 21 point in the sports category and 18 points in the science category. Which addition sentence tells how many total points Katherine got in the quiz show?
1) 21 + 18 = 38 2) 21 + 18 = 39 3) 21 + 18 = 40 4) 21 + 18 = 41
Answer: 21 + 18 = 39


Subtraction
Example:
1) 3 2) 4 3) 5 4) 10
Answer: 4

Example: Take away 6 from 9.
1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4
Answer: 3

Example: Solve:
1) 9 2) 10 3) 11 4) 12
Answer: 12

Example: Kevin scored a total of 17 points in his Math and English tests. If he scored 8 points in the Math test, how many points did Kevin score in the English test?
1) 7 2) 8 3) 9 4) 10
Answer: 9

Example: Subtract: 28  16
1) 12 2) 14 3) 16 4) 18
Answer: 12

Example: Sara and Julia sold popcorns to raise money for a field trip. Sara sold 35 bags of popcorns and Julia sold 15 fewer bags of popcorns than Sara did. How many bags of popcorns did Julia sell?
1) 10 2) 15 3) 18 4) 20
Answer: 20

Example: Find the difference: 36  10  12
1) 4 2) 12 3) 14 4) 24
Answer: 14

Example: Danielle went to an Easter party at her friend's house. She found 25 chocolate eggs during an egg hunt. She gave 7 chocolate eggs to her sister and 12 chocolate eggs to her friends. How many chocolate eggs did she have left with her?
1) 4 2) 6 3) 8 4) 9
Answer: 6

Example: Which subtraction sentence will result in the number 6?
1) 9  4 2) 9  5 3) 10  4 4) 10  5
Answer: 10  4

Example: 25  ____ = 19
1) 5 2) 6 3) 7 4) 8
Answer: 6

Example: 12  6 = ___  4
1) 8 2) 9 3) 10 4) 11
Answer: 10

Example: Which subtraction sentence tells how many are left?
Twenty eight  Twelve  Two
1) 28  12  2 = 16 2) 28  12  2 = 14 3) 28  12  2 = 12 4) 28  12  2 = 10
Answer: 28  12  2 = 14

Example: Ryan had 29 dollars in his piggy bank. He bought a book for 11 dollars and gave 5 dollars to his brother. Which subtraction sentence tells that how much money was left with Ryan?
1) 29 dollars  11 dollars  5 dollars = 11 dollars 2) 29 dollars  11 dollars  5 dollars = 12 dollars 3) 29 dollars  11 dollars  5 dollars = 13 dollars 4) 29 dollars  11 dollars  5 dollars = 14 dollars
Answer: 29 dollars  11 dollars  5 dollars = 13 dollars
 

Geometry
Example: Identify the correct name for the figure given below.
1) Circle 2) Square 3) Triangle 4) Pentagon
Answer: Triangle

Example: I am round. I don't have any sides or corners. What am I?
1) Circle 2) Square 3) Triangle 4) Pentagon
Answer: Circle

Example: Jessica bought a table for her garden. The top of the table had four equal sides and four corners. What was the shape of the top of the table that Jessica bought for her garden?
1) Pentagon 2) Square 3) Triangle 4) Rectangle
Answer: Square

Example: Identify the correct name for the object given below.
1) Cube 2) Cylinder 3) Sphere 4) Cone
Answer: Cone

Example: Choose "True" or "False": I have no faces. I can roll but I cannot slide. I am a sphere.
1) True 2) False
Answer: True

Example: Ryan went to Egypt during his Christmas holidays. There he saw some famous structures from ancient times shown in the picture below. These structures had 5 faces and 8 edges. Identify the shape of the famous structure shown below.
1) Cube 2) Cylinder 3) Pyramid 4) Cone
Answer: Pyramid

Example: How would you show this pattern using letters?
1) ABCABCABC 2) ACBACBACB 3) ACBABCACB 4) ACBBCAACB
Answer: ACBACBACB

Example: Christopher works in a toy shop and he was asked to arrange the latest toy cars in 5 rows on a table. He placed 3 toy cars in the first row, 6 toy cars in the second row and 9 toy cars in the third row. If he continues this pattern, how many toy cars would he place in the fifth row on the table?
1) 10 2) 12 3) 15 4) 18
Answer: 15

Example: Which pair shows two congruent figures?
Answer:

Example: From the following objects which object is symmetrical?
Answer:


Digit Places  Ones and Tens
Example: Choose the place of the underlined digit in the number.
1) Ones 2) Tens
Answer: Ones

Example: How many tens and ones are there in 65?
1) 5 tens 5 ones 2) 5 tens 6 ones 3) 6 tens 5 ones 4) 6 tens 6 ones
Answer: 6 tens 5 ones

Example: I have a six in the ones place. I am greater than 80 but less than 90. What number am I?
1) 66 2) 68 3) 76 4) 86
Answer: 86
 

Money
Example: How many cents are there in a quarter?
1) 10 cents 2) 25 cents 3) 50 cents 4) 100 cents
Answer: 25 cents

Example: How do you make 30 cents using the fewest coins?
1) 1 nickel and 25 pennies 2) 1 dime and 4 nickels 3) 1 quarter and 5 pennies 4) 1 quarter and 1 nickel
Answer: 1 quarter and 1 nickel

Example: Nicole bought some stickers from a book store. She gave a dollar to the cashier and received back 3 coins that added up to 40 cents in change. Which of the following 3 coins did she receive as change?
1) 1 quarter, 1 dime and a nickel 2) 1 dime, 1 quarter and a penny 3) 1 quarter, 1 dime and a penny 4) 1 quarter, 1 dime and a half dollar
Answer: 1 quarter, 1 dime and a nickel

Example: 4 dimes = ____ cents
1) 14 cents 2) 20 cents 3) 40 cents 4) 400 cents
Answer: 40 cents

Example: The cost of a pack of Spiderman stickers is 27 cents. Juan has 2 dimes, 1 nickel and 3 pennies. Does he have enough money to buy the pack of Spiderman stickers?
1) Yes 2) No
Answer: Yes

Example: Add:
1) 50 cents 2) 65 cents 3) 75 cents 4) 85 cents
Answer: 75 cents

Example: 1 quarter + 1 dime + 1 penny
1) 26 cents 2) 34 cents 3) 35 cents 4) 36 cents
Answer: 36 cents

Example: Brooke and Erin made their art project together. Brooke spent 3 nickels to buy a shiny silver sheet and Erin spent 3 dimes to buy a bright yellow sheet. How much money did they spend all together on their art project?
1) 6 cents 2) 35 cents 3) 45 cents 4) 55 cents
Answer: 45 cents

Example: Subtract:
1) 15 cents 2) 20 cents 3) 30 cents 4) 40 cents
Answer: 40 cents

Example: 2 dimes  1 nickel
1) 5 cents 2) 10 cents 3) 15 cents 4) 16 cents
Answer: 15 cents

Example: Andrew went to buy a gift for his friend. He liked a box along with a pencil. The cost of the box along with the pencil was 1 dollar. If the cost of the pencil alone was 25 cents, what was the cost of the box alone?
1) 75 cents 2) 77 cents 3) 80 cents 4) 85 cents
Answer: 75 cents

Example: Choose "True" or "False": 4 dimes + 1 nickel  2 dimes = 35 cents
1) True 2) False
Answer: False

Example: Connor bought a book about the Redwood National Park for $13. He paid with a 20 dollar bill. How much change did Connor receive?
1) $5 2) $7 3) $8 4) $13
Answer: $7
 

Fractions
Example: Which figure shows fourths?
Answer:

Example: 3 children divide a candy bar equally among them. How much of the candy bar does each of them get?
1) One half 2) One third 3) One fourth 4) One fifth
Answer: One third

Example:
1) 1 2) 3 3) 4 4) 5
Answer: 5




 

Time
Example: What time does the clock given below show?
1) 4:35 2) 7:04 3) 7:10 4) 7:20
Answer: 7:20

Example: 2:45 = _____
1) Quarter to 2 2) Quarter past 2 3) Quarter to 3 4) Half past 3
Answer: Quarter to 3

Example: 100 minutes = _____
1) 1 hour 20 minutes 2) 1 hour 30 minutes 3) 1 hour 40 minutes 4) 1 hour 50 minutes
Answer: 1 hour 40 minutes

Example: 2 hours =_____
1) 110 minutes 2) 120 minutes 3) 130 minutes 4) 140 minutes
Answer: 120 minutes

Example: 1 week and 8 days =_____days
1) 11 2) 13 3) 14 4) 15
Answer: 15

Example: Megan was preparing for a painting exhibition. She completed 3 paintings in 1 week and 2 days. How many total days did Megan take to complete the paintings?
1) 8 2) 9 3) 10 4) 11
Answer: 9

Example: Julia and her friend went to a theater to watch a movie. They reached the theater 30 minutes before the movie start time. If the movie started at 12:00 p.m., what time did they reach the theater?
1) 10:30 a.m. 2) 11:30 a.m. 3) 11:30 p.m. 4) 12:30 p.m.
Answer: 11:30 a.m.

Example: Amanda began doing laundry at 10:00 a.m. It took her 3 hours to wash all the dirty clothes. What time was it when Amanda finished doing laundry?
1) 1:00 a.m. 2) 12:00 p.m. 3) 1:00 p.m. 4) 2:00 p.m.
Answer: 1:00 p.m.

Example: Andrew works part time in a store. He worked from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. on a Sunday at the store. How many hours in all did Andrew work on that Sunday at the store?
1) 2 hours 2) 4 hours 3) 6 hours 4) 8 hours
Answer: 4 hours

Example: 25 minutes + 45 minutes
1) 1 hour 2) 1 hour 05 minutes 3) 1 hour 15 minutes 4) 1 hour 25 minutes
Answer: 1 hour 15 minutes

Example: Anthony took 30 minutes to wash his car and 45 minutes to vacuum his car. How much total time did Anthony take to wash and vacuum his car?
1) 1 hour 2) 1 hour 05 minutes 3) 1 hour 15 minutes 4) 1 hour 25 minutes
Answer: 1 hour 15 minutes

Example: 1 hour  15 minutes
1) 30 minutes 2) 35 minutes 3) 45 minutes 4) 55 minutes
Answer: 45 minutes

Example: Emily took 1 hour and 30 minutes to prepare a dish. Sarah took 2 hours to prepare the same dish. How much longer did Sarah take to prepare the dish than Emily did?
1) 20 minutes 2) 30 minutes 3) 40 minutes 4) 50 minutes
Answer: 30 minutes

Example: If today is Tuesday, then yesterday was _______.
1) Sunday 2) Monday 3) Wednesday 4) Thursday
Answer: Monday

Example: Which is the sixth month of the year?
1) June 2) July 3) May 4) August
Answer: June

Example: Use the calendar given below to answer the question. What date is on the second Saturday of the month shown in the calendar?
1) 3rd January 2) 10th January 3) 11th January 4) 17th January
Answer: 10th January

Example: Brian is in the first grade. He knows that the last day before the week of spring break is Friday, 11th March. If the school starts again on the Monday after the spring break, on what date will the school reopen after the spring break according to the calendar below?
1) 14th March 2) 15th March 3) 21st March 4) 28th March
Answer: 21st March
 

Data and Graph
Example: Sarah and her Mom were cleaning Sarah's room. They saw many toys laying around in her room. To help Sarah figure out how many of each toy there were, Sarah's Mom made a tally table of the toys. Among the tables shown below which one shows the right number of toys Sarah has?
Answer:

Example: Count the tally marks and choose the right number:
1) 11 2) 12 3) 13 4) 14
Answer: 14

Example: Kayla went to a grocery store to shop for fruits for a party. She bought 5 apples, 3 oranges and 2 pears to make fruit salad for the party. Which of the following option shows the total number of fruits Kayla bought?
Answer:

Example:
1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4
Answer: 2

Example:
1) 3 2) 6 3) 7 4) 9
Answer: 7

Example: Steven asked his classmates to vote for their favorite dessert. He made the bar graph given below to show the results. Study the bar graph and name the desserts in order from the least to the most liked dessert among Steven's friends.
1) Chocolate pudding, Icecream, Cake 2) Icecream, Cake, Chocolate pudding 3) Chocolate pudding, Cake, Icecream 4) Cake, Chocolate pudding, Icecream
Answer: Chocolate pudding, Cake, Icecream


Probability
Example: If you spin the spinner once, the outcome that the pointer will stop on yellow is ____.
1) certain 2) most likely 3) least likely 4) impossible
Answer: certain

Example: Jessica wants to make a bead necklace for her friend. She has 5 red beads, 6 pink beads and 20 blue beads in a box. If she picked one bead from the box without looking, how likely is that she picked a blue bead from the box?
1) Certain 2) Most likely 3) Least likely 4) Impossible
Answer: Most likely

Example: Steven and his friends were playing with the spinner shown below. If Steven spins the spinner once, how likely is that the pointer will stop on yellow?
1) Certain 2) Most likely 3) Least likely 4) Impossible
Answer: Least likely

Example: Choose "True" or "False": If you spin the spinner given below once, it is impossible that the pointer will stop on red.
1) True 2) False
Answer: True


Measurement
Example: Which tool would you use to measure the right amount of chocolate powder needed to make a glass of chocolate milk shake?
1) Thermometer 2) Timer 3) Tablespoon 4) Ruler
Answer: Tablespoon

Example: Which of the following is the best estimate for the length of your Math textbook?
1) 12 centimeters 2) 12 inches 3) 12 feet 4) 12 meters
Answer: 12 inches

Example: Which of the following is the best estimate for the capacity of the apple juice can given below?
1) 10 fluid ounces 2) 10 cups 3) 10 pints 4) 10 quarts
Answer: 10 fluid ounces

Example: Which of the following is the best estimate for the weight of the orange given below?
1) 2 pounds 2) 2 ounces 3) 20 pounds 4) 2 tons
Answer: 2 ounces

Example: How long is the toy bus given below?
1) 2.50 cm 2) 20 cm 3) 25 cm 4) 30 cm
Answer: 25 cm

Example: What is the weight of the cabbage given below?
1) 1 pound 2) 1 and a half pound 3) 2 pounds 4) 2 and a half pounds
Answer: 2 pounds

Example: Choose "True" or "False": The container given below has 100 ml of liquid in it.
1) True 2) False
Answer: False

Example: Which of the following is the longest?
Answer:

Example: Compare the weight and fill in the blank accordingly:
1) lighter than 2) heavier than 3) equal to
Answer: lighter than

Example: Which of the following container can hold more than the carton given below?
Answer:

Example: 6 pounds + 5 pounds = ____
1) 8 pounds 2) 9 pounds 3) 10 pounds 4) 11 pounds
Answer: 11 pounds

Example: Anna prepared 2 glasses of milk shake for her friends. If she used 4 fluid ounces of milk to prepare one glass of milk shake, how much milk did Anna use to prepare 2 glasses of milk shake?
1) 6 fluid ounces 2) 7 fluid ounces 3) 8 fluid ounces 4) 9 fluid ounces
Answer: 8 fluid ounces

Example: 3 cm is ___ less than 7 cm.
1) 2 cm 2) 3 cm 3) 4 cm 4) 11 cm
Answer: 4 cm

Example: Erin is 6 years older than Sara. Sara is 2 years younger than Mary. If Mary is 7 years old, how old is Erin?
1) 8 2) 9 3) 10 4) 11
Answer: 11

Example: What is the temperature shown in the thermometer given below?
1) 40°F 2) 45°F 3) 50°F 4) 55°F
Answer: 45°F

Example: The maximum temperature in Florida on Monday was 27°C and the minimum temperature was 22°C. What was the difference between the two temperatures in Florida on Monday?
1) 3°C 2) 4°C 3) 5°C 4) 6°C
Answer: 5°C


Multiplication
Example: How many dots are there in all in the picture given below?
1) 3 2) 6 3) 9 4) 12
Answer: 9

Example: Choose "True" or "False": 3 times 2 = 2 + 2 + 2
1) True 2) False
Answer: True

Example: 3, 6, 9, __
1) 10 2) 11 3) 12 4) 15
Answer: 12

Example: 2 groups of _____ candies = 4 candies
1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4
Answer: 2

Example: James bought 2 packs of pencils before his school year started. If each pack had 4 pencils, how many pencils did James buy in all?
1) 6 2) 7 3) 8 4) 10
Answer: 8
 

Division
Example: How many groups of 2 stars each can be made from the stars shown below in the figure?
1) 2 2) 4 3) 5 4) 6
Answer: 4

Example: Divide 4 by 1
1) 1 2) 2 3) 4 4) 5
Answer: 4

Example: Divide 2 by 2
1) 1 2) 2 3) 4 4) 6
Answer: 1

Example: How many 2's are there in 6?
1) 2 2) 3 3) 4 4) 5
Answer: 3

Example: Julia baked 9 cookies for her friends. She wants to put equal number of cookies in 3 packs. How many cookies will she put in each pack?
1) 2 2) 3 3) 4 4) 12
Answer: 3
 
